Latin America (2012)

Societies in Transition. Latin America between Conflict and Reconciliation

Latin America
Edited by Martin Leiner, Susan Flämig

Göttingen, Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2012.

In the last decades, many countries in Latin America underwent a transition from dictatorship to democracy. Truth commissions were an essential instrument of uncovering politically motivated crimes and serious human rights violations. However, in many cases truth came without justice, perpetrators were not held accountable, and the reparations policy was rather restrictive. The authors of this volume address the issue from a transdisciplinary perspective. On the one hand, they focus on a past that is shaped by fierce conflicts but also by attempts of fostering reconciliation in the middle of conflict. On the other hand, they address a reconciliation that still lies in the future and has to do with justice. Their first part offers a collection of case studies that approach the topics of reconciliation and conflict resolution during and in the aftermath of dictatorship and civil war from different perspectives and academic disciplines. Their second part is dedicated to experiences with reconciliation, conflict resolution and migration from a global and comparative perspective. Several contributors reflect the Hölderlin perspective of "reconciliation in the middle of dispute". Other contributions aim to deepen our theoretical understanding of reconciliation by exploring the diversity of interpretations of the concept itself and elaborating the specific benefit of reconciliatory approaches for a sustainable peace. Two authors offer an in-depth analysis of particular conflicts, and one article deals with the influence of religion and culture on the social role of Brazilian migrants in Japan.

Table of Contents

1. Case Studies

Susan Flämig
The Ethical Dimension of Security Sector Reform - Police Reforms in Post-War El Salvador

David Tombs
Archbishop Romero and Reconciliation in El Salvador

Matthieu de Nanteuil
Violence and Modernity - Reflections on the Present Situation in Colombia

Mariana Chacón/Witold Mucha
Indigenous Voices in the Andean Region - A Comparative Perspective on the Transitional Processes in Bolivia and Peru

Elizabeht Lira/Brian Loveman
The Politics of Reconciliation - Discourses, Sacrament, and Pragmatism in Chile and Post-Cold War Latin America

Hugo Rojas
The Recognition of Victims of Human Rights Violations in Chile
An Analysis of the Complaints of the Chilean Labor Unions Presented to the International Labor Organization during Pinochet's Dictatorship

Katharina Freudenberg
Ecumenical Human Rights Movement during the MIlitary Dictatorship in Argentina

2. Comparative and Global Perspectives

Kanan Kitani
Invisible Christians: Brazilian Migrants in Japan

Christo Thesnaar
A Pastoral Hermeneutical Approach to Reconciliation and Healing - A South African Perspective

Andreas hasenclever/Jan Sändig
"I can't live with or without you" - Peace-Building and Reconciliation